About masterxela

I am a 14 year old boy that is forced to do a blog. I don't like work. I'm supposed to be having fun. This is my childhood! Ohh... Parents stink. :P

Architectual Columns!

In architecture, there are 5 types of columns.

My favorite is Doric. Doric columns are characterized by the way they are shaped. Doric Columns are made of a cylinder and what makes a Doric Column stand out is the base and peak of the cylinder are wider than the actual cylinder! Doric Columns as well as being my favorite columns are also the oldest and simplest!

Observe how the peak gets wider

My second favorite type of column is the Tuscan Column. Tuscan Columns are characterized by the base and top of the column. But the peak and base are different because they have alternating diameters!

Notice how the top of the column is skinnier than the base.

My third favorite type of columns are Ionic Columns! Ionic Columns are different from most other columns. They are there for mostly show. They look very nice and pretty and have a very nice design at the top of the column.


There are also two types of orders. The Cornthinian Order and the Composite Order. The Cornthinian Order was named after the Greek-city of Corinth. And the Composite Order gets it name from being a composite of the Ionic and Doric Order.

Neoclassical Architecture!

Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style. It was produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the 18th century! Neoclassical architecture emphasizes the wall rather than chiaroscuro, or art is characterized by strong contrasts between light and dark. Neoclassicism was a desire to return to the “purity” of the arts of Rome. Neoclassicism was an international movement. Neoclassiciscal architecture revived interest in classical ideas and forms that influenced European and American society. It did this through thought, politics and fine arts during the 18th and 19th century. This term refers to the art forms created after but inspired by ancient time.

The Neoclassical period came about as a response to the birth of a new nation. In 1783, the American Revolution ended and the construction of a new nation begins. The Founding Fathers, especially Thomas Jefferson looked towards inspiration that would help the nation.

 

Frieze

Frieze! Yeah that’s what the cops say when they draw their guns on you, but that’s not what this one means! This frieze is all about architecture!
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In architecture, the frieze is the wide central section part of a structure that holds together moldings and bands. A frieze uses an astylar design. An astylar design is a design that doesn’t use pillars or columns. Friezes can be found on many Greek and Roman buildings. The Parthenon Frieze is the most famous and intense. A frieze may be plain in the Ionic or Doric order (two of the three orders of organizational systems of Ancient Greek) or decorated with bas-reliefs. Bas-reliefs are projecting images with a shallow overall depth. An example of a bas-relief is a coin.
A frieze with Posiedon on the far left.

In interiors, a frieze in a room is a long stretch of painted, sculpted or even calligraphic decoration. Sometimes it is in a position that is normally above eye-level. Frieze decorations may depict scenes in a sequence of discrete panels.  The material of which the frieze is made of may be plasterwork, carved wood or other decorative medium.

Arc de Triomphe!

Ahh, the Arc de Triomphe in Paris! It really is beautful and detailed! Now before I became interested in architecture, I would wonder, “Why are all these archs and monuments so famous!? I mean it’s just a slab of concrete!” But after looking at some of the most famous monuments, archs and buildings, I realize it’s more than that and some of the monuments mean something!

For example, the Arc de Triomphe was commisioned by Napoleon ( He’s a cutie in the picture I link you to ;)) to recall and remember his military conquests. The Arc de Triomphe is the world’s largest triumphal arch! I just wish I was the architect who built this majestic work of art! His name was Jean Francois Therese Chalgrin. His creation is twice the size of the ancient Roman Arch of Constantine, and the funny thing is, that’s what it’s modeled after!

Work on the Arc was stopped when Napoleon was defeated in 1814, but started up again in 1833 in the name of King Louis-Philippe. (Why are all these famous people cuties?) The Arc is finished and is still standing today!

The design of the arch is considered astylar, meaning
that neither columns nor pillars are used in the design. The style is
Neoclassical a style of architecture that began in the mid-eighteenth century and is derived from the Classical Greek form.

There are four sculptural groups at the base of the Arc. They basically a hommage to
Napoleon and his victories.

The first is called Le Départ de 1792 or The Departure of 1792, a representation
of the French national anthem La Marseillaise.

The second is Le Triomphe de 1810, or the Triumph
of 1810

Then there is La Résistance de 1814, the Resistance of 1814

And finally, La Paix de 1815, the Peace of 1815

Also, some great battles of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars are engraved on the attic.

A list of French victories is engraved under the great arches on the inside façades of the monument.

On the inner façades of the small arches are engraved the names of the
military leaders of the French Revolution and Empire
. The names of those
who died on the battlefield are underlined. ):

Architecture!

Face it, without architecture, we’d all be living in caves! Architecture allows us to erect buildings all over the land and design them so they look pretty like me! 🙂 There are many types of architect, from being a landscape architect to being an urban designer! I’m interested in designing and actually constructing buildings! Okay, honestly, I really got interested in architecture because I’d really like to design and build the world’s most awesome tree house! Man, those things are cool! Hey, I’m 14, what can I say? 🙂

There are many famous architects who have changed the face of the world. Here are a few that are probably the most famous.

I’m sure we all know who Leonardo DaVinci is! DaVinci influenced the ways we build things today through his years and years of research! The amazing thing was he wasn’t just an architect! He was a painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer.

Daniel Burnham was the man who designed most of our biggest cities today like Washington and Chicago! He also designed some of the world’s earliest skyscrapers! I wonder what would have happened with out him! Would the Empire State Building even exist?!

That brings us the last of the famous architects, but not the least, Sir Christopher Wren. Sir Christopher Wren rebuilt London after the great fire of 1666! I find that ironic that it was a great fire and it ends in 666… but anyway back to Sir Christopher! He is also know as the Architect Who Rebuilt London!

Man, if only one day I could get my name up there with the big guys! Guess it’s going to take work, but I can be devoted!